Step 6 Baby Skin Care Routine Skin Problems

skin problemsHi everyone,

 

Sorry I’ve been on a hiatus for awhile with my work in film, but I am back now with my latest instalment of your baby’s skin care routine, skin problems.

 

 

ALLERGIES

 

Very few skin rashes are a true allergic reaction, but simply caused by an irritation like heat or chaffing. The main cause of skin irritations are from strong soaps and harsh detergents. This is why it is so important to only use mild baby specific products when looking after their skin and also when washing their clothes and linen. Always ensure that all garments and linen are properly rinsed too. These gentle products are specially designed not to irritate your baby’s skin or cause sensitivity reactions.

 

True allergies, although very rare, as it takes repeated exposure to an allergen before developing can be caused by the following:

 

Genetics – a family history of allergies will make your baby more susceptible to developing an allergy.

 

Environment – exposure to the elements (fungal spores, pollen and dust mites) can cause a reaction.

 

Bodily functions – dietary allergies, bacterial, viral and fungal infections and even medication.

 

 

SKIN RASHES

 

Most rashes clear up on the own or with a little care on your part and are nothing to worry about. However, when a fever, listlessness or loss of appetite accompanies a rash, you should consult your doctor.

 

Identifying rashes:

 

Heat rash – Small pink or clear blisters all over the body. Make sure your baby’s clothing is light and loose fitting and use baby talk powder after cleansing.

 

Milia – White spots on the nose area. It is common and caused by blocked sweat glands, will clear up in a few weeks.

 

Cradle cap – Crusty patches on the scalp. Caused by an overactive sebum gland. Gently rub baby oil onto baby’s scalp and leave overnight to help loosen. Carefully brush out with a fine toothed comb. To help prevent cradle cap always make sure you use a proper baby shampoo and ensure you rinse thoroughly.

 

Nappy rash – Red blistered skin around the nappy area. Make sure you take great care for the nappy area as explained in previous skin care routines. Avoid airtight plastic pants and remove the nappy for awhile and let them be “free” and allow some air flow. Use a nappy rash cream to protect your baby’s skin. If no improvement after a few days consult a professional

 

Milk rash – White pimples on forehead, cheeks and chin. Very common occurrence with breast fed babies. Similar to adult acne and is affected by hormonal changes. Will disappear on its own.

 

 

For those of us in the Cape keep warm and safe this weekend, seems spring here has yet to begin.

 

 

Take care of you and your baby

 

 

~Gilli~

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Step 4 of Baby Skin Care Routine Nappy Changing

Nappy ChangeNappies are a necessity in your baby’s life, but they also create a warm, moist environment for bacteria to grow. In addition friction between the skin and nappy can cause chaffing and will lead to nappy rash.

Therefore its highly important to have regular nappy changes as it prevents the build-up of moisture and bacteria. Newborns will poo several times a day and wee every 1 – 3 hours. This means changing their nappy up to about 12 times a day, so if you’re using disposables, you’ll need about a dozen a day.

Choose a good-quality changing mat, as it needs to see you through more than two years of nappy changing, so pick a durable one. You will also need a portable mat that you can use when you’re out and about. Gillitots’ will be launching their range of travel changing mats this year, which rolls up and ties and is easy to slip into any bag. These will work perfectly with our waterproof nappy bags, which seals with Velcro to neutralise bad smells and prevent any leakage.

Always keep one hand on your baby at all times, never leave your baby unattended while he/she’s on a changing mat.

Use baby wipes or warm soapy water to clean baby’s bum. Remember when wiping, to wipe front to back to prevent the spread of bacteria in the genital area. Important to rinse and dry thoroughly in all the folds of the skin.

USEFUL TIP: Use cotton wool and baby oil to soften and remove stubborn dried dirt.

After cleaning apply a barrier cream like baby petroleum jelly . This will protect the skin from wetness and chaffing. Disposable nappies reduce moisture build up as it draws the moisture away from baby’s skin. This keeps them drier and less prone to nappy rash. Nappy rash is caused by urine and faeces and can be treated by a applying a nappy rash cream or paste after every change. It also helps to leave the nappy off when possible to allow the fresh air to help heal the rash. If it doesn’t go away in a few days then consult your clinic or doctor.

Nappy changing can be a pleasurable experience for you and your baby. Hang a mobile over the changing area to distract them, but keep it well out of her reach. You can also give them a toy to play with. Talk and sing to your baby or even explain what you’re doing. The trick is the tone of your voice, if you stay calm this will help to soothe her.

Once it’s all done and your baby is cleaned up and dressed, pick them up and have a hug and a kiss. It’s important to always end it on a happy note.

Take care of you and your baby

~Gilli~

Moisturising

MoisturisingToday we move onto Step 2 of the skin care routine:

Moisturising

Your baby’s skin dehydrates at a rapid rate and this dryness reduces the skin’s barrier function and makes your baby more vulnerable to skin irritations.

Regular moisturising will prevent dryness and in turn protect your baby’s skin and keeping your baby healthy, which is very important in the cold winter months we are now experiencing.

After bathing, pat them dry with a soft towel and gently massage either aqueous cream, lotion or baby oil into their skin. Did you know baby oil locks in up to 10 times more moisture than any other creams or lotions, when its applied to damp skin?

Applying your moisturising cream/lotion or oil of your preference is the perfect time to do your baby massage. Doing this massage regularly encourages development of muscle co-ordination and suppleness, as well as being a great bonding time with you and your baby.

I will go into more detail about baby massage, techniques and its benefits, in the weeks to come.

But in the meantime, wrap up warm and I hope you have a lovely week.

Take care of you and your baby

~Gill~